Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓān (ي بن يقظان, lit. ‘Alive son of Awake’) is an Arabic philosophical novel and an allegorical tale written by Ibn Tufail (c. 1105 – 1185) in the early 12th century in Al-Andalus.] Names by which the book is also known include the Latin: Philosophus Autodidactus (‘The Self-Taught Philosopher’); and English: The Improvement of Human Reason: Exhibited in the Life of Hai Ebn Yokdhan. Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓān was named after an earlier Arabic philosophical romance of the same name, written by Avicenna during his imprisonment in the early 11th century, even though both tales had different stories. The novel greatly inspired Islamic philosophy as well as major Enlightenment thinkers. It’s the most translated text from Arabic, after the Quran and the One Thousand and One Nights.
The story revolves around Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓān, a little boy who grew up on an island in the Indies under the equator, isolated from the people, in the bosom of an antelope that raised him, feeding him with her milk. Ḥayy has just learned to walk and imitates the sounds of antelopes, birds, and other animals in his surroundings. He learns their languages, and he learns to follow the actions of animals by imitating their instinct.
He makes his own shoes and clothes from the skins of animals, and studies the stars. He reaches a higher level of knowledge, of the finest of astrologists. His continuous explorations and observation of creatures and the environment lead him to gain great knowledge in natural science, philosophy, and religion. He concludes that, at the basis of the creation of the universe, a great creator must exist. Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓān lived a humble modest life as Sufi and forbade himself from eating meat.
Once 30 years old, he meets his first human, who has landed on his isolated Island. By the age of 49, he is ready to teach other people about the knowledge he gained throughout his life.
Hayy ibn Yaqdhan is an allegorical novel in which Ibn Tufail expresses philosophical and mystical teachings in a symbolic language in order to provide better understanding of such concepts. This novel is thus the most important work of Ibn Tufail, containing the main ideas that form his system.
Ibn Tufail was familiar with the differences in the ideas of Al-Ghazali and those of the “NeoplatonizingAristotelianists” Al-Farabi and Ibn Sina. In Hayy ibn Yaqdhan, Ibn Tufail sought to present “a conciliating synthesis of the Islamic speculative tradition with al-Ghazālī’s Sufi-influenced recasting of Islamic mysticism and pietism.” Ibn Tufail borrows from Ibn Sina, using the title of one of his allegories and drawing inspiration from his Floating Man thought experiment, but transforming the subject’s sensory deprivation to social isolation.
With this novel, Tufail focuses on finding solutions to the three main problems discussed during his period:
Humans, on their own, are able to reach the level of al-Insān al-Kāmil by merely observing and thinking of the nature, without any education.
The information that is obtained through observation, experiment, and reasoning, does not contradict with revelation. In other words, religion and philosophy (or science) are compatible, rather than contradictory.
Reaching the absolute information is individual and simply any human being is able to achieve that.
‘Abd al-Karim al-Jili was born near Baghdad, a descendent of the great saint and founder of the Qadiri dervish order, ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani. Little has been discovered about his life, save a few glimpses of spiritual autobiography revealed in his writings, but it is known that he travelled in India, and then lived for a time in the Yemen. He produced more than twenty books, of which Universal Man (al-Insan al-Kamil) is the most celebrated. His teaching follows that of Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi, of which it can be regarded as a systematic exposition, though expressed in a manner which is uniquely his own.
Universal man is Man the Macrocosm, the complete image and manifested consciousness of God, exemplified and expressed in the lives of saintly individuals.
Jili’s account therefore takes the form of a series of chapters on the appearances of Absolute Reality such as Essence, Names, Qualities, and Divinity. These appearances correspond to contemplative states encountered by the mystic on the path of Union, which are discussed more particularly in the later chapters.
Jili’s exposition is incisive and illuminating, his intention entirely practical. He writes: “I will mention of tall that only that which happened to me on my own journey to God; moreover, I recount nothing in this book, neither of myself nor of another, without my having tested it at the time when I traveled in God by the path of intuition and direct vision.”
Titus Burckhardt has provided an extensive and helpful introduction to Jili’s work, and commentary on the text. Extracts, translated with commentary by Titus Burckhardt
Beautiful explanation by Maulana Rumi: Explaining the meaning of ‘ASSOCIATION’ he said:.. “A rain drop from the sky: if it is caught by clean hands, is pure enough for drinking. If it falls in the gutter, its value drops so much that it can’t be used even for washing your feet. If it falls on a hot surface, it will evaporate… If it falls on a lotus leaf, it shines like a pearl and finally, if it falls on an oyster, it becomes a pearl…
The drop is the same, but its existence & worth depends on whom it is associated with.” “Always be associated with people who are good at heart. You will experience your own inner transformation”
– 99 Drops from Endless Mercy Oceans
99 Sohbets of Maulana Shaykh Nazim Adil al Haqqani ar Rabbani . Only by the light of the Spiritual Path and the mystic way can the Truth be discovered. In order for one to truly witness the Perfection of the Absolute, one must see with one’s inner being, which perceives the whole of Reality. This witnessing happens when one becomes perfect, losing one’s (partial) existence in the Whole. If the Whole is likened to the Ocean, and the part to a drop, the sufi says that witnessing the Ocean with the eye of a drop is impossible. However, when the drop becomes one with the Ocean, it sees the Ocean with the eye of the Ocean – 303 pages( free download)
– 99 gouttes des Océans infinis de Miséricorde 99 Sohbas de Mawlana Sheikh Nazim al-Haqqani ar-Rabbani. C’est seulement par la lumière de la voie spirituelle et du chemin mystique que la vérité peut être découverte. Pour vraiment témoigner de la perfection de l’Absolu, il faut voir avec son être intérieur, qui perçoit la totalité de la Réalité. Ce témoignage est possible quand on devient parfait, quand on perd l’existence (partielle) dans le Tout. Si le Tout est comparé à l’océan, et l’individu, à la goutte, le soufi dit qu’être témoin de l’océan avec l’oeil d’une goutte est impossible. Cependant, lorsque la goutte devient une avec l’océan… …alors elle voit l’Océan à travers l’oeil de l’Océan. download gratuit
Als we God vergelijken met de Oceaan en de individuele mens met een druppel, kunnen we zeggen dat het doel van het soefisme is om de druppel naar de oceaan te dragen. De meester van het pad is als een rivier die in verbinding staat met de oceaan. De druppel moet zichzelf er toe aanzetten om naar de rivier te komen, zodat deze kan worden meegenomen naar de oceaan. Het is niet nodig te benoemen dat voordat de druppel de oceaan heeft bereikt, met hulp van de rivier, eerst verschillende moeilijke uitdagingen zal moeten overwinnen. Het zal te maken krijgen met een hoop turbulentie, door verschillende botsingen in de rivier, zodat het uiteindelijk in sereniteit en stabiliteit kan samenvloeien met de oceaan. free download Of het boek 99 Druppels bestellen hier
– A Fragrance of Hajja Aminah Adil
This collection of sohbats of Hajja Aminah Adil was recorded during a visit to Lefke, Cyprus between June 27th and July 30th of the year 2004. Some of them were told to the group of women who gathered around the large table in the Shaykh’s house every afternoon. Hajja Amina was well known for her stories. She gathered them from many sources. These sohbets were given in either Arabic or Turkish. She told these stories to her four children when they were growing up. Then she began telling them to the murids of the Shaykh who gathered, like her children, around her. She had a way of telling them that engaged and captivated everyone. They were a source of entertainment but they also provided subtle guidance and insight and understanding that lasts a lifetime. That is why we feel it is so important to pass themn to those who did not have the opportunity to experience themselves. 144 pages (free download)
We are All Equal in Servanthood by Sultan al-AwliyaMawlana Shaykh Nazim al-Haqqani
16 March 1991 (Ramadan) – Peckham Mosque, London, UK
A`oodhu billahi min ash-Shaytani ‘r-rajeem. Bismillahi ‘r-Rahmaani ‘r-Raheem. Ash-hadu ‘ana Muhammadan abduhu wa Rasooluh. Allahuma salli wa salim wa barik ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammadin wa `ala aalihi wa barik was sallam. Huuu. la ilaha illa-Llah. A`oodhu billahi min ash-Shaytani ‘r-rajeem. Bismillahi ‘r-Rahmaani ‘r-Raheem. La hawla wa la quwatta illa billahi ‘l-`Aliyyu ‘l-`Adheem.
May Allah bless you and forgive me. We are thanking Allah Almighty once again that granting us once again to reach this holiest month. The month of Ramadan is the “month of mercy.” Marhaban ahlan wa sahlan ya shahr ar-rahmah! Greeting and welcome, O month of mercy! Madad, yaa Sultan al-Anbiya. We are meeting here for the honor of the beloved Prophet of the Lord, Allah Almighty, whom He sent to His servants Sayyidina Muhammad (s). May Allah give him more honor here and Hereafter. He is the most respected, most honored one among all Mankind. He is beloved, Sayyidina Muhammad (s)!
We shall look throughout this holy month at what will be granted daily to our people, to our brothers and sisters, true mu’minaat. We are in need of some knowledge. You have science, what Mankind thinks in their heads from science fields. Science will never be an ocean, but divine knowledge is an ocean! We can say “divine knowledge,” but we are not saying “divine science,” as science will never be divine! Divine knowledge opens divine wisdoms.
People think (according to) science, and the fruit of science is technology. Therefore they are in depression; one after one is falling in depression and technology can’t take people out of depression. There is no treatment for Mankind through science, not for their troubles, depression, suffering, miseries, or from their problems! The only answer for their problems is through heavenly knowledge; one may treat Mankind’s sufferings and miseries with heavenly knowledge and nothing else. Don’t think that pills, tablets, or spirits “cure” people; it is impossible! Don’t think that drugs may give people confidence, satisfaction, pleasure and happiness. Never!
Therefore, we are saying, now Mankind needs knowledge that comes from Heavens through prophets, through illuminated people. When that knowledge comes, they will become enlightened and illuminated. You must if everything is alright or not. When lights are coming, people are illuminated, like the beam of a flashlight. If heavenly knowledge comes to a person, it must show itself through space. If you can see that light, you must understand that heavenly knowledge is running through that one’s heart.
We are in need of such knowledge, to arrange our inner lives and to be able to fix our relations from Earth to Heavens. As long as we are on Earth without a connection to Heavens, we are like other creatures, with no value. There is value for Mankind as long as they may reach to Heavens. All prophets came from Heavens, but they are living on Earth to make our connections to Heavens easy. If they are not coming from Heavens no one can reach Heavens! And also after prophets, there must be someone whose connection is to Heavens and if anyone is asking to reach Heavens then everyone has a heavenly station. The Creator granted to everyone, women or men, divine stations in Heavens, and all of Heavens are in the Divine Presence. The Lord created Mankind and granted them their heavenly stations in the Divine Presence. What we are speaking about is knowledge from Heavens that reached to prophets and traditional knowledge belongs to Heavens; what we are saying belongs to those heavenly oceans. Don’t ask to try it by scientific methods; that will never give proof for knowledge. Science is on Earth and knowledge is in Heavens. Science arranges your life on Earth, and heavenly knowledge arranges your heavenly life. Knowledge surrounds all science, which is a drop from the oceans of knowledge.
Therefore, when a person enters Knowledge Oceans, he or she finds confidence and pleasure, but science makes him in a very short distance; it imprisons people! We are in need of that heavenly connections and have been offered a way to reach our heavenly stations, where everyone’s names are written on their individual, private, special stations: That is for this one, that is for that one.” There, men and women are equal. Here on Earth, they are asking for equality between men and women. Women are asking to be equal to men here in this life, but the Creator is making different characteristics for men and women. If a person is using his characteristics from being male, he going to be another creature. If a woman is using her characteristics for being male, she is going to be another strange creature. Therefore, Allah Almighty created a man to be a man and a woman to be a woman. If He Almighty was asking them to be equal, He would create everyone to be only men or only women! He created men and women, two kinds, and each one is independent in their creation. There is no equality in their creation, but as human beings, all of them are the same; all are servants, and servanthood is making them equal in the Divine Presence.
But now women are asking for another kind of equality, which is foolish, useless, and which has no value. Their equality is in their servanthood in the Divine Presence! Allah Almighty is asking for men and women to perfect their servanthood. Allah Almighty is asking from all human beings to be servants, and servanthood is the true equality among men and women. All of them have been offered to be servants, and there is no higher honor than to be servants to the Lord, Allah Almighty. But now women think if they do man’s work that it will be an honor for them. They are becoming engineers, soldiers. They think that is an honor for them because men are doing all these things and they are asking, “Why are we not going to be doctors or engineers? We must be.” That is short-mindedness with little thinking. They do not understand what Allah Almighty is giving to all Mankind. The highest honor is to be His servant! His Majesty, the King, sultans, emperors, all of them are proud to be accepted by the Lord, Allah Almighty, as His servant.
Her Majesty the Queen, here in London, may Allah bless her, is proud to be a servant of the Church of England. She refers to herself as “servant.” Emperors were also servants, and in Islam all of them were servants of the Lord, Allah Almighty. They never knew any higher rank than servant of the Lord, Allah Almighty, and Allah grants them equality by making all of them His servants. But they are fighting, saying, “Why we can’t be like men, with equality?” You can’t be like man because your creation is to be a woman, and you have been honored to be a servant, finished! What promise did the mother of Sayyida Maryam (a) make to Allah? All of you must know it. Aali `Imraan, the lady of `Imraan, when she was pregnant, prayed, “That which I am carrying, I am giving to be a servant of the Lord, Allah Almighty, in Jerusalem.” She thought it would be a son. The Holy Qur’an is giving every evidence for women and men to be fully confident (in their nature). We are speaking from knowledge, not from my stomach or from my head, but from my heart. She asked for what she was carrying (in her womb) to be the Lord’s servant. When she gave birth, she was very surprised, saying, “O my Lord! What happened? I can’t keep my promise as I have a daughter,” and she was thinking to throw it away. But Allah Almighty is giving an example for Mankind, saying, “No, I am accepting her as a servant in Bayt al-Muqqadas (the Holy House in Jerusalem).” That means Allah Almighty is honoring all women, accepting them as a servant, as a son is accepted!
That girl, Sayyida Maryam (a), was accepted. That is divine equality, but women are fighting that honor. No woman must be like a man or work like a man; that is not equality! Allah Almighty honored men to be men and women to be women! Keep the ownership of servanthood and both wings, of men and of women, must keep the honor of each other; men must keep the honor of women and women must keep the honor of men. Men must keep the honor of women, to be equal in honor and in respect, also.
Allah Almighty is giving you (women) a little bit more power for this life, to carry the burden of life, because your creation is stronger. They are weak, but they are stronger than men for worshiping and they will easily reach a connection to their heavenly stations. Now it is possible for men to reach a connection in forty days, but we may do the same for women in forty hours! If I say an order to you (a man), you must keep it for forty days to keep a connection, but for them (women) I may do it for forty hours, to reach a connection. Then you will look up and wonder, “Where are they?” (Mawlana Shaykh laughs)
So the sole discussion of the true equality of men and women is based on heavenly knowledge, but philosophers and scientists may continue on their knowledge. Knowledge gives confidence to hearts, and thanks to Allah Almighty, that He granted for our first meeting sakinaat, that means confidence. Are there no Arabs here? Are they all sleeping? Sakeenah brings confidence and inshaa-Allah that sakeenah, peace, will open in your hearts and we are in need of that deep peace.
O Mankind! We are in need of that deep peace in our hearts because difficult conditions are covering Mankind and they are losing balance in their spiritual beings. May Allah grant us through these Endless Oceans that He granted to His beloved one (s) and His awliya that we may perhaps complete forty days or forty hours, they we may reach the Holy Night of Power in Holy Ramadan. We shall try, if our brothers or sons may reach. Now it is close to Maghrib, and we can make our association by divine knowledge. May Allah grant you good understanding and grant me to speak on divine wisdoms.
Allah Allah, Allah Allah, Allah Allah, Azeez Allah!
Allah Allah, Allah Allah, Allah Allah, Kareem Allah!
Allah Allah, Allah Allah, Allah Allah, Subhaan Allah!
Allah Allah, Allah Allah, Allah Allah, Sultaan Allah!
By the Name of Allah Almighty, alhamdulillah, this is the holy month of Ramadan, and Heavens are open for the servants of the Lord, Allah Almighty, and the doors of Paradise are open for the servants of Allah. Hells are locked up, not to be open for the servants of the ummah. May Allah Almighty grant to our attenders and to the nation of Muhammad (s) from His endless Mercy Oceans, from His endless Favor Oceans. We are expecting our Lord’s blessings. There is an important point to be well known: Allah Almighty created Man, and they are His servants and also His deputies. Allah Almighty is granting His divinely love to all His creatures. To which kind of people is Allah Almighty granting from His divinely love? He created all with His love, but He is going to make it more and more, and He sent His servants to this life.
Do you think that He sent Mankind to Earth for dunya? Do you think that Allah Almighty just sent His servants to be servants of this world? If a believer is thinking this, it must be wrong. Allah Almighty never sent His servants here to this life to be servants for this dunya! He sent His servants to this Earth to be aware of pre-Eternal. You are not servants only here. No one knows when your souls were created except the Creator. Don’t think that your existence began when you were born in this life. Our physical being in this life began by dust, but only Allah Almighty knows when your existence began. From pre-Eternal, His servants were servants and you were one of those servants! We were all servants from pre-Eternal up to Eternal, and Allah Almighty gave honor to you through that creation, by making you His servant, and then the Almighty gave you a new physical being. Your real being is in the Divinely Presence, but He gave you a physical being here. Then He observed, when you dressed in your physical body, are you going to lose or forget your servanthood? That is important, and the biggest test for Mankind.
Mankind was created a long time ago, before “time” began, when there was no time and Mankind was in the Divinely Presence as servants. No time or space was yet created, but Mankind was present in the Divinely Presence as servants to their Lord, Allah Almighty. His Divinely Will asked to dress them in a physical body and send them to this life. I am not speaking from science; we are speaking from heavenly knowledge, and there can be no objecting on it. You must listen and obey. What we are saying is from heavenly knowledge and only a few people are authorized to speak from knowledge in our days. You are lucky to be listening and accepting what we are saying to you! And Lord, Allah Almighty, ordered Mankind to be dressed in a physical body that He ordered to be created in Paradise, from where we were all looking how Creation is going on. All Mankind saw what Allah Almighty created for them of their physical being or physical body. Then His divinely will asked for a big test for them and divine wisdoms granted endless blessing on Mankind, on those to be dressed with a physical being.
From that time up to today, and up to the end of the Day of Resurrection, the Last Day, that divine test continues. Divine people are asking for equality between two kinds of human beings, women and men.
Our Holy Prophet salla Llāhu ‘alayhi wa-sallam says that Allah ‘Azza wa-Jalla orders two angels every day to say: َ “Lidu lil-Mawt wabnu lil-Kharab”, “Be born only to be dead and build only to be ruined.”
Be born for dying and construct buildings for destruction. The life of mankind is like this. Allah ‘Azza wa-Jalla makes an addressing through angels to people so that they know that everyone born will die. No living creature in this world is immortal. It will die and then become immortal living forever after Qiyamah.
Mawlana Sheikh Muhammad Adil ar-Rabbani 05 December 2022/ 11 Jumada al-Awwal 1444 Fajr Prayer
Mawlānā retells the story of the Pied Piper but with a beautiful ending. In such a way, Allāh gives the Awliyā’ a divine music that no one can resist.
The Pied Piper of Hamelin (German: Rattenfänger von Hameln, also known as the Pan Piper or the Rat-Catcher of Hamelin) is the titular character of a legend from the town of Hamelin (Hameln), Lower Saxony, Germany. The legend dates back to the Middle Ages, the earliest references describing a piper, dressed in multicolored (“pied”) clothing, who was a rat-catcher hired by the town to lure rats away with his magic pipe. When the citizens refuse to pay for this service, he retaliates by using his instrument’s magical power on their children, leading them away as he had the rats. This version of the story spread as folklore and has appeared in the writings of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, the Brothers Grimm, and Robert Browning, among others.
The Pied Piper of Hamelin: The rats/mices that infest the town are symbolic of all the sins, corruption and false beliefs that plague the people. The Pied Piper is a man who comes to show the people the path to the light. He asks for a vast reward since he knows that this is the supreme test of the townspeople. If they have listened to his message, they will have no more need of their gold because they will have lost their materialistic greed and they will no longer worship money. They will be happy to pay him the agreed sum (symbolising that they have progressed from the materialistic to the spiritual plane). The Piper succeeds in driving out the rats (the moral pollution) from the community, but it is a short-term success. When the time comes for the townspeople to pay the Piper, they are still wedded to their old greed and materialism and they don’t give him his due. The Pied Piper realises that these adults are incapable of changing their wicked ways, so he leads the children to salvation instead, ensuring that they are cut off forever from the malignant influence of the adults. This is symbolised by the magic mountain opening (the Koppenberg Mountain), the children going inside and then vanishing forever from the knowledge of the townspeople. The only child who fails to gain admission to paradise is the crippled boy (symbolising that he has been too badly injured by the beliefs and corruption of the townspeople to take the decisive step to Knowledge).